The world may think you are only one person--But to one person, you may be their world.
Author Unknown.
The Online Magazine
for Certified Nursing Assistants
CNA Training
CNA Magazine

CNA Resources
Patient Care Technician Resources
Home Health Aide

CNA Skill | Making an Occupied Bed

Steps to Make An Occupied Bed

  • Wash hands and put on gloves
  • Tell patient what you are going to do
  • Ensure that the patient is safe, and lower the rail on the side in which you intend to begin working.
  • Have the patient to move over to the side in which you are. Ensure they are covered. If they cannot move, then safely slide them over to your side of the bed.
  • Then have the patient roll to the other side (where the bed rail is up).
  • At this point, take the mattress linen and fold it over top of itself so as to keep all soiled material inside the linen. Fold the linen in until you reach the patient’s back. Once there, tuck the sheet under their shoulders, mid section and feet.
  • Clean and disinfect the mattress if the sheets were soiled. Ensure it is dry before moving on to the next step.
  • Place the new clean sheets over the exposed portion of the mattress starting with the corners of the bed. Once connected, roll the sheets towards the patient and tuck them under the patient. Make sure that the sheets are smooth and no creases exist.
  • Have the patient roll towards you and inform them that they will feel a bump in the middle of the mattress.
  • Once comfortably into position, raise the bed arm rail and move over the other side of the bed.
  • Now that the other side is exposed, removed the soiled linen keeping the open side up so as to minimize the spread of soiled material.
  • Place the dirty linen into the correct receptacle.
  • Again, clean and sanitize the exposed mattress ensuring that it is dry before you move on to the next step.
  • Begin pulling the clean linen fully across the bed and secure the corners, verifying that the sheets are smooth and there are no creases.
  • Assist the patient in moving into a comfortable position.
  • Place the top sheet overtop of the privacy sheet and tuck under the foot of the bed. Then do the same for the comforter.
  • Once both sheets are secure, take the privacy blanket and place in the hamper.
  • Then take the top edge of the top sheets, and create a cusp.
  • Raise the bed rail
  • Have the patient raise their head and remove the pillow, slowly letting them rest their head on the mattress.
  • Replace the pillow case, placing the old pillow case in the appropriate receptacle.
  • Place the pillow back under the patients head.
  • As per you work place’s policy, dispose of the dirty linen.
  • Before concluding this procedure, check with your patient and verify they are okay and ask if they need anything.
CNA Skill Video Making an Occupied Bed